ECo-I in Russia

The Environmental and Community Initiatives (ECo-I) Strategy was developed to achieve a biodiversity net gain and positive social impact in the landfall area in the Kingisepp district in Russia.

The programme promotes environmental sustainability, biodiversity conservation, social infrastructure, community development and cultural activities. The initiatives are created and implemented in consultation with experts, responsible authorities, community representatives, NGOs and other stakeholders. 

Nord Stream 2 adheres to the International Finance Corporation’s Performance Standards (IFC PS) on Environmental and Social Sustainability. The pipeline route crosses 3.7 kilometres of the Kurgalsky Nature Reserve in the Kingisepp District. Construction in this sensitive territory has been made possible thanks to comprehensive surveys and an innovative construction solution developed specifically for the shoreline crossing to ensure minimal impact. Beyond compliance with the national legislation, the IFC’s Performance Standards require Nord Stream 2 to go a step further and achieve a “biodiversity net gain” for the Kurgalsky Nature Reserve. 

Nord Stream 2’s Environmental and Community Initiatives (ECo-I) encompass both the compensation measures required under the Russian legislation and the biodiversity conservation measures to fulfil the “net gain” requirement. To this end, a Biodiversity Action Plan (BAP) for the Kurgalsky Nature Reserve was developed based on comprehensive scientific research by Russian and international experts. 

Additionally, ECo-I benefits the communities impacted by our project in Russia. 

Through community and sponsorship initiatives, we aim to improve social infrastructure, promote community safety, health, sports, well-being, education and cultural heritage preservation, and demonstrate that Nord Stream 2 is a good corporate neighbour. 

The ECo-I Strategy encompasses four pillars: 

  • Statutory compensation measures required by Russian legislation; 

  • Biodiversity enhancement initiatives to achieve an overall improvement or “net gain” for the Kurgalsky Nature Reserve; 

  • Community initiatives to improve social infrastructure in and around the project area; 

  • And sponsorship initiatives.

Incorporating both environmental and social components into the ECo-I programme increases the impact of our initiatives and fosters long-term sustainability. Wherever possible, we create synergies that benefit both biodiversity and communities alike. This mutually beneficial relationship supports communities in becoming active agents in the positive change we spark, making the initiatives sustainable far beyond our day-to-day involvement.


Izhora Centre

Community Festivities & Educational Events

Building Together Programme

Small Grants Programme

My Land Education Programme

Online Campaigns


Clean Beach Initiative

Hogweed Eradication Campaign

Kurgalsky Management Plan

Supporting Ringed Seals

Enhancing Fire Prevention

My Kurgalsky Project

Nord Stream 2 and the Environment: Experts’ Opinion

Nord Stream 2 is committed to an open and transparent dialogue with stakeholders to ensure that decisions surrounding the project are based on proven expert opinion and clear scientific facts. Nord Stream 2 makes a point of communicating with the relevant parties: authorities, NGOs, the local community, scientific and research experts, institutes and other organisations. The objective is to disclose information about the project while also giving stakeholders the opportunity to provide their opinions about it. This video focuses on environmental experts’ opinion of the permitting process in Russia.

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A Walk Along the Route in Kurgalsky with Simon Bonnell

Based on extensive survey data we have been collecting since 2012, the overall conclusion is that Kurgalsky will offer the least environmental impact for landfall in Russia. Simon Bonnell, Head of Permitting for Nord Stream 2, talks us through the process.

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Telemetry Studies of Baltic Ringed Seals in the Gulf of Finland

Nord Stream 2 is supporting a program of telemetry studies of the Baltic ringed seal in the Gulf of Finland. The studies use GPS tags deployed on seals to collect information on their behaviour and movement patterns. Expanding scientific knowledge is vital for developing an effective strategy to preserve the population of this protected species. This documentary film explains the methodology and fieldwork conducted by an expert group for this project, which began in the summer of 2017.

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Valentina Bubyreva (St Petersburg State University) on Flora in the Gulf of Finland

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Boris Gannibal (Komarov Botanical Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences) on Plant Communities in the Gulf of Finland

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Andrey Pedchenko (GosNIORKh) on Biological Resources in the Gulf of Finland

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Mart Jüssi, International Expert on the Baltic Ringed Seal, on Cooperation with Baltic Region Environmentalists

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Mikhail Verevkin (Russian Academy of Sciences) on Marine Mammals in the Gulf of Finland

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