Facts & Figures
Nord Stream operated at 80 per cent of delivery capacity in 2016
Utilisation of the existing Nord Stream pipeline has increased every year since it opened in 2011, reaching 80 per cent of its total transportation capacity in 2016. Around 43.8 billion cubic metres (bcm) of natural gas was delivered to EU consumers during the year – enough to supply over 20 million households.
Generating electricity from gas instead of coal produces ~50 per cent less CO₂
Switching from coal-fired power generation to gas can help the EU meet its goal of reducing CO₂ emissions 40 per cent by 2030 compared to 1990 levels. In fact, Nord Stream 2 could save about 14 per cent of the EU‘s total CO₂ emissions from power generation if natural gas from the pipeline were used to replace coal-fired power stations.
The pipeline will transport enough gas to supply 26 million households
Nord Stream 2 can make a major contribution to EU energy security, but further additional supplies will be needed to fill the future gap between supply and demand in the EU. The new pipeline will supplement existing transport routes and complement other new gas supplies such as liquid natural gas (LNG) and the Southern Corridor.
Nine states will be consulted
Nord Stream 2 will pass through the territorial waters and/or the Exclusive Economic Zones (EEZs) of Russia, Finland, Sweden, Denmark, and Germany. Through the international permitting process, Nord Stream 2 will seek permits to construct and operate the pipeline from each of these countries. Other neighbouring Baltic states – Poland, Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia – will also be consulted.
200,000 pipes make up the whole pipeline
Nord Stream 2 will be a twin pipeline stretching 1,200 km through the Baltic Sea. Each line will comprise around 100,000 individual pipes, each 12 m in length. Once pipe-laying begins, up to 3 kilometres of pipe can be laid each day.
One of the longest offshore gas pipelines in the world
Nord Stream 2 will travel through the Baltic Sea, starting from the coast of Russia and reaching landfall near Greifswald in Germany. It will run roughly parallel to the existing Nord Stream pipeline.
Each pipe joint is 12 metres long and weighs 24 tonnes
The 12-m pipe sections will be welded together and then laid the Baltic Sea using a pipelay vessel. Every weld is tested to ensure that it meets Nord Stream 2’s high quality standards, and the completed pipeline will undergo further testing by an independent certification body before gas can flow.
Pipeline has walls up to 41 mm thick and a constant internal diameter of 1,153 mm
The pipes are coated internally to reduce friction, and externally to reduce corrosion, increase protection and add weight, making the pipeline more stable on the seabed.
By 2035, the EU will need to import about 120 bcm more gas per year
The production outlooks of major gas producers such as Netherlands and UK, as well as Norway, are falling. At the same time, demand for gas is expected to continue, owing to its lower carbon qualities. This means that the EU will need to import more gas. Nord Stream 2 will have the capacity to meet about one third of the EU’s import requirement.
40,000 km were sailed to research the Baltic Sea environment
Nord Stream 2 is committed to meeting the highest standards for environmental protection and social responsibility. The company will follow the example set by Nord Stream to create a pipeline that is in harmony with the Baltic Sea. The environmental studies undertaken by Nord Stream are one of the most significant analyses of the Baltic Sea ecosystem.
47,800 bcm: Russia has the largest natural gas reserves in the world
Nord Stream 2 will deliver gas to Europe from the vast natural gas field Bovanenkovo in North Russia’s Yamal Peninsula, which holds some 4.9 trillion cubic metres of gas reserves. This field alone holds more than twice as much gas as the total proven reserves of the EU (1.9 trillion).
Proportion of Russian gas in total EU energy consumption
Nord Stream 2 builds on over 40 years of EU-Russian energy co-operation. Russia is the world’s biggest gas exporter and major long-term investments mean Russian reserves are amongst the most cost-effective sources to supply Europe. The EU has a diverse energy mix and natural gas from Russia makes up only a small portion of total energy supplies.