Nord Stream 2 will be one of the world’s longest offshore natural gas pipelines and a major international infrastructure project. Nord Stream 2 is committed to delivering a modern and efficient pipeline that will enhance European energy security. The timeline below outlines key milestones in the development and construction of the pipeline.
Nord Stream successfully completed
The Nord Stream pipeline was completed on time and on budget. It set new industry benchmarks for environmental protection, health and safety, and open public consultation, which Nord Stream 2 will continue.
Feasibility study into pipeline extension
Nord Stream conducted a feasibility study into constructing an additional pipeline through the Baltic Sea. The study identified import needs in the EU gas market and confirmed the benefits of a new pipeline.
Initial international consultation begins
Nord Stream held initial consultations on a potential extension of the pipeline in Russia, Finland, Sweden, Denmark and Germany, as well as with relevant stakeholders in other Baltic Sea countries.
Nord Stream 2 AG founded in Zug, Switzerland
Nord Stream 2 AG was established for the planning, construction and operation of the Nord Stream 2 Pipeline. It is owned by PJSC Gazprom. It is supported by Uniper, Wintershall, Shell, OMV and Engie.
Nord Stream 2 selects pipe suppliers
March: Nord Stream 2 selected the suppliers to deliver 2,500km of large-diameter pipes for the twin pipeline: Europipe (40 per cent), United Metallurgical Company (33 per cent), and Chelyabinsk Pipe-Rolling Plant (27 per cent).
Coating and logistics tender awarded
September: Nord Stream 2 appointed Dutch Wasco Coatings Europe BV to provide concrete weight coating at plants in Kotka, Finland and Mukran, Germany, as well as storage at three locations around the Baltic Sea.
Permitting process begins
September: The first documents were submitted to begin the formal permitting process. Nord Stream 2 will carry out environmental studies in the Baltic Sea and consultations with the nine countries along the pipeline route.
Pipe deliveries begin
September/October: Pipe deliveries began to the concrete coating plants in Kotka, Finland and Mukran, Germany. Nord Stream 2’s ‘green logistics’ concept relies on low-emission transport travelling the shortest possible distances.
Pipe coating begins
Concrete weight coating of the pipes started in early 2017. The coating gives the pipes added weight, durability and stability on the seabed. 200,000 pipes will be coated in total.
Scheduled completion of Nord Stream 2
Nord Stream 2 is currently progressing on schedule. The twin pipelines are planned for completion by the end of 2019.
Measuring over 1,230 km in length, Nord Stream 2 will travel from the coast of Russia, through the Baltic Sea, reaching landfall near Greifswald in Germany.
From there, the natural gas enters the European internal energy market and will connect to other pipelines for onward transportation.
Nord Stream 2 will largely follow the route of the existing Nord Stream pipeline. This route has been selected based on years of research and public consultations, optimising for safety, environmental, social, economic and technical considerations.
2. Industry-leading partners
Safety and environmental protection are foremost considerations throughout the planning, construction and operation of the pipeline. Nord Stream 2 will work with some of the world’s leading suppliers to plan the pipeline, assess environmental impacts, develop the pipes, and lay them in the Baltic Sea. Independent certification body DNV GL will examine key steps in the process, as well as the completed pipeline, to ensure its technical integrity and to oversee Nord Stream 2’s commitments to the highest standards for safety and sustainability.
3. Pipe design
The Nord Stream 2 twin pipeline will comprise about 200,000 individual pipe sections, each 12 metres long.
The pipes will have a constant internal diameter of 1,153 millimetres and a wall thickness of up to 41 millimetres.
The insides will receive a high-gloss coating to reduce friction as the gas flows through the system. An external coating is applied to prevent corrosion, followed by a concrete weight coating to provide added protection and weigh down the pipeline so that it remains stable on the seabed.