Permitting Process in Sweden

In order to lay pipelines on the continental shelf outside of Swedish territorial waters, Nord Stream 2 needed a permit issued by the Swedish government. The application required an alignment of the pipeline on the continental shelf, and information on how potential negative impacts on the environment are prevented and mitigated.

The consultation period for the Nord Stream 2 project started in 2013. Based on the feedback received, Nord Stream 2 carried out environmental investigations and assessments. An Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) for the permit application in Sweden was not required. Nonetheless, as required by European and international law (the EIA Directive and Espoo Convention, respectively), Nord Stream 2 conducted an environmental study which describes the main characteristics and technical solutions of the project, with a comprehensive assessment of potential environmental impacts and their mitigation. Nord Stream 2 also published an Espoo report describing potential transboundary environmental impacts. 

The application for the construction and operation of the pipeline system on the Swedish continental shelf, in its Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ), was filed in September 2016. It was reviewed by the Ministry of Enterprise and Innovation as well as specific stakeholder authorities.

During the consultation phase Swedish authorities, citizens and other interested parties had the opportunity to state their opinions on the application and the environmental study carried out. Stakeholder meetings as well as public and administrative referral phases at national and international level continued until fall 2017. Nord Stream 2 filed several supplements in response to statements and questions raised by stakeholders during the referral phase.

The Swedish government thereafter had all required information at hand to draft its decision. On June 7, 2018, it granted Nord Stream 2 a construction and operation permit for the Swedish section of the route.

You’ll find more information on the permitting process for the Nord Stream 2 Pipeline in Sweden here.