Environmental impact assessment procedure in Russia
Nord Stream 2 AG is committed to the principles of open consultation with stakeholders and involvement of authorities, non-governmental organizations, experts and local communities into discussions about the project.
The objective of active public engagement is to share information about the project and provide stakeholders with an opportunity to comment on various aspects of the project implementation including the environmental impact assessment (EIA). All comments will be taken into account in the assessment of potential impacts and identification of mitigation measures.
Nord Stream 2 AG is developing Stakeholder engagement plan in line with international practice and the experience of the Nord Stream project. All comments will be collected and reviewed as part of the consultation process.
In the Russian Federation the procedure of environmental impact assessment (EIA) will comply with the Regulation on EIA approved by Order of the State Ecology Committee of the Russian Federation No. 372 of 16 May 2000. The requirements of the Convention on Environmental Impact Assessment in a Transboundary Context (the Espoo Convention) which provides for the involvement of all Baltic Sea countries in the discussion of potential transboundary impacts, other international norms and standards, including the standards of the International Finance Corporation (IFC), will also be taken into account.
The EIA procedure has several stages:
1. Development of the Terms of Reference on EIA, disclosure to the public. This includes analysis and consideration of comments on the Terms of Reference.
Public consultation on the draft Terms of Reference for the development of Environmental Protection Measures, including EIA, was conducted within 60 days of publication on April 12, 2017.
2. Conducting the EIA and preparation of a draft report, public consultation on the EIA report.
The EIA process includes hydrometeorological, geological, biological, social, economic and other analysis. Special attention is paid to the identification of rare and endangered species of biota, special protected wildlife areas and water areas, spreading of commercial species and other factors restricting the project implementation.
Background factors, technical solutions and expected impact will be analysed through the following approaches:
- Expert environmental assessment of the technical solutions;
- Modelling of spatial and time-dependent distribution of contaminants, simulation of physical impact, comparison of the concentrations received, comparison of the concentration levels with the maximum concentrations allowed by regulations or defined by expert opinion;
- Calculation of direct impacts on the natural resources and assessment of potential environmental impact;
- Qualitative assessment of the impact on the environment.
During the analysis, actions to prevent and minimize the negative impact are defined.
The "Environmental protection measures", including EIA, for offshore section (Text part and Appendix) and for onshore part (Text part and Appendix), concept note as well as Non-Technical Summary and a journal for registering feedbacks of the public to the draft EPM/EIA are available in public reception rooms from August 4, 2017 for 60 calendar days.
Public hearings will be held on September 4, 2017 at 11:00 at the address: Leningrad Region, Kingisepp, Karl Marx Ave., 40, Municipal Budget Cultural Institution "Kingisepp Cultural and Leisure Complex", 1st floor, conference room.
In accordance with paragraph 4.10. of Provisions on the EIA in the Russian Federation, approved by the Order of the State Ecological Committee of the Russian Federation No. 372 of 16.05.2000, after the end of public discussions (public hearings), comments and proposals will be accepted within 30 days.
3. Preparation of the final EIA report and submission of the report to State Environmental Expert Committee.
After public consultation phase, collecting comments and suggestions, the materials of public consultation will be formed and a final version of the EIA report will be prepared.
The EIA report and public discussions materials will form part of the project documentation subject to Rosprirodnadzor for review. The duration of their review may vary depending on the project complexity, but in any case it shall not exceed three months. Rosprirodnadzor will then issue a decision.
Nord Stream 2 AG will keep the public informed during all stages of Nord Stream 2 project implementation.