Nord Stream 2 Receives Permit for German Territorial Waters
- Stralsund Mining Authority issues planning approval for the construction and operation of the Nord Stream 2 Pipeline
- Important milestone in the permitting process
Jan. 31, 2018 | Stralsund, Germany/Zug, Switzerland | Nord Stream 2 AG today received the construction and operation permit for the planned pipeline in German territorial waters and the landfall area in Lubmin, near Greifswald. The Stralsund Mining Authority issued the official approval for this approximately 55-kilometre-long section of the pipeline in accordance with the Energy Industry Act (EnWG).
“This permit is the result of an extensive planning and consultation process. Nord Stream 2 is aware of its responsibility towards this sensitive natural habitat and has taken this into account in the planning phase. In addition to the environment, these considerations also include the interests of other parties concerned, such as the shipping and tourism industries,” said Jens Lange, Permitting Manager Germany at Nord Stream 2 AG. “This permit is an important milestone in the complex permitting process for the project as a whole.”
In early November 2017, Nord Stream 2 received the Stralsund Mining Authority’s approval of mining activities for the Nord Stream 2 Pipeline in the area of the German continental shelf (equivalent to the German Exclusive Economic Zone, or EEZ). This is a necessary precondition for the Federal Maritime and Hydrographic Agency (BSH) to issue its permit for the German EEZ, which is expected in the first quarter of 2018.
The national permitting procedures in the other four countries along the route – Russia, Finland, Sweden and Denmark – are also proceeding as planned. Nord Stream 2 has fulfilled all requirements and expects the permits to be issued in time for the scheduled start of construction in 2018.
Facts and Figures: Nord Stream 2 – Status January 2018
1. Status of Permitting Process
- The permit processes are ongoing according to schedule in all countries whose approval is required for the construction and operation of the pipeline (Russia, Finland, Sweden, Denmark and Germany). Nord Stream 2 expects to receive all permits in time for the start of construction in 2018.
- The adoption of new legislation means that Denmark could prohibit the construction of the pipeline in its territorial waters. Route alternatives are being developed for this scenario. Nord Stream 2 is pursuing the existing application for the currently planned route, as it is the optimal alignment based on environmental and safety considerations and follows the route of the Nord Stream Pipeline route that was developed with the guidance of Danish authorities.
2. Status of Investments
- Nord Stream 2 has already awarded contracts for a total investment volume of approximately 4.7 billion euros. This includes all major contracts such as pipe production, logistics, pipelay vessels and large components.
- Over 70 percent of the approximately 200,000 required pipes have been produced, with about one-third being ready for pipelay in storage yards at various locations along the Baltic Sea coast.
- Over 670 companies from 25 countries are involved in investments for the project.
3. Climate and Environmental Protection
- Nord Stream 2 is a prerequisite for meeting climate targets.
- Using the entire annual capacity of Nord Stream 2 instead of coal in power generation would reduce yearly CO2 emissions in that sector by 160 million tonnes. This is equivalent to the emissions of 30 million cars or the combined emissions of Sweden, Finland and the Baltic States.
- Compared to the regasification and transport of an equivalent amount of liquefied natural gas (LNG), which would require 600 to 700 tanker loads, transporting gas via Nord Stream 2 saves up to 45 million tonnes CO2 per year.
4. Gas Demand
- There is consensus among experts that Europe will face an import gap of 120 billion cubic metres over the next 20 years. This will need to be filled by pipeline gas supplied via Nord Stream 2 as well as by LNG.
- Russian gas has had an approximately 30-percent share in EU energy consumption over the past years.This is unlikely to change significantly in the future, since Nord Stream 2 can only supply part of the additional imports required in the EU.
- The existing Nord Stream Pipeline is operating at 93 percent of capacity.
5. Status of Debate at EU Level
- The Legal Services of the EU Commission and Council have deemed the Commission’s proposals regarding the applicability of the Third Energy Package and a mandate for negotiations with Russia to be legally incorrect.
- International legal and energy experts, industry associations and Members of the European Parliament have expressed considerable doubts as to the legal conformity of the EU Commission’s proposal to extend the provisions of the Gas Directive to infrastructure outside the internal market as well as the plans for an expedited legislative procedure on this matter.
- For instance, the German Association of Energy and Water Industries (BDEW) criticised the Commission’s proposal as interfering with national competences in energy security matters and pointed to the risk of negative market effects.
You can find this press release in Swedish and Finnish in the sidebar.