The two permits required for construction in Russia were issued in June and August of 2018. The Environmental Impact Assessment and Project Documentation were later updated to accommodate changes that optimised the final design. This was also approved by the competent authorities.
The Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) was conducted in compliance with the Russian environmental protection legislation and additional regulations, as well as international law. The national EIA consultations were held between August and October 2017. The final EIA Report was approved though the “positive conclusion” of the State Environmental Expert Review (SEER) in January 2018. Following the positive SEER conclusion, the Project Documentation and EIA were submitted to the Main State Expert Review (MSE). The positive conclusion by MSE was received in May 7, 2018.
As a result, the two required permits were granted: the first for pipeline construction in Russian territory from the Ministry of Construction and Utilities (June 7, 2018) and the second for offshore pipelay from the Federal Agency for the Supervision of Natural Resources Use (August 14, 2018).
While the project has been implemented based on these permits, later improvements to design, technical solutions and construction methods were made to accommodate ground conditions, enhance reliability and reduce environmental impacts. Russian legislation requires such modifications to be reflected in an updated EIA and Project Documentation, which must be presented for public consultation and then assessed by the State Environmental Expert Review (SEER) before it can be approved by the Main Department of State Expertise (MSE).
In March 2019, the second EIA procedure was initiated by disclosing the updated draft EIA report, as well as an explanatory note and non-technical summary (available below in Russian only). The “positive conclusion” by SEER was received in November 2019, and from MSE at the end of January 2020.
Although the Russian Federation has not ratified the Espoo Convention, Russia also carried out the EIA process in the transboundary context according to the UNECE Convention (“Espoo Convention”).
In addition to complying with all applicable national legislation, Nord Stream 2 has committed to the International Finance Corporation Performance Standards on Environmental and Social Sustainability (IFC PS). Consequently, an Environmental and Community Initiatives (ECo-I) Strategy is being implemented within the Russian landfall area to promote sustainable development of the area and maintain a transparent dialogue with stakeholders.