The pipeline crosses Germany’s territorial waters and Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ). Consequently, two permits were required from different authorities, both of which were granted in early 2018.
In German territorial waters, as prescribed by the German Energy Industry Law (Energiewirtschaftsgesetz – EnWG), the authority responsible for carrying out the permitting procedure and issuing the permit was the Stralsund Mining Authority. This process also included public consultations on the EIA and technical documentation. The Stralsund Mining Authority was also responsible for the technical examination and approval of the project, which was granted on January 31, 2018.
For the German EEZ, according to the Federal Mining Law (Bundesberggesetz – BBergG), the authority responsible for carrying out the permitting procedure and issuing the permit was the Federal Maritime and Hydrographic Agency (BSH).
As with the territorial waters, the process included public consultations on the EIA and technical documentation. The permit was granted on March 27, 2018.
Parallel to the German permitting process, Germany also carried out the EIA process in the transboundary context according to the UNECE Convention (or “Espoo Convention”).