Nord Stream 2 traverses the Finnish Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ), for which two permits are required: one for government consent to use the EEZ, and another for construction and operation. Both were granted in the spring of 2018.
The Finnish permitting process began with a two-phased Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) procedure. The first phase began in 2013, during which the EIA programme underwent public consultation. Then in 2017 the EIA report was submitted together with the Espoo Report to the coordinating authority, the Uusimaa Centre for Economic Development, Transport and the Environment, which made the documents available for public consultation. The coordinating authority’s subsequent statement on the report’s sufficiency in July 2017 (which can be found here in Finnish) completed the EIA procedure, after which Nord Stream 2 submitted its permit applications.
The Ministry of Economic Affairs and Employment handled the process for consent to use of the Finnish EEZ, which it granted on April 5, 2018. The Regional State Administrative Agency for Southern Finland was responsible for the pipeline construction and operation permit according to the Finnish Water Act. This permit was granted on April 12, 2018, thus completing the permitting procedure in Finland.