Environmental Protection

Protection of the environment is an absolute priority for Nord Stream 2. As a project in a transboundary context, the pipeline is subject to international conventions and national legislation in each of the countries through whose waters it will pass. The pipeline route, construction plan and environmental monitoring programmes have been developed in close consultation with the competent environmental authorities in each country.

Surveys are the cornerstone of massive international infrastructure projects like the Nord Stream 2 Pipeline. The gathered data play a pivotal role in enabling the project to move forward safely, providing important information for engineering, route optimisation, Environmental Impact Assessments (EIA) and permitting, environmental management and monitoring, among others. A fleet of high-performance vessels collected some of the most resolute data sets ever in the Baltic Sea, mapping a route that will minimize environmental impact and ensure the safe operation of the new natural gas pipeline.

The Nord Stream 2 Project is subject to national legislation in each of the countries in which it crosses the territorial waters and/or Exclusive Economic Zones: Russia, Finland, Sweden, Denmark, and Germany. In accordance with the country-specific requirements, national permit applications for construction and operation as well as EIA documentation have been submitted in all five countries.

An EIA is a national procedure for evaluating the potential impact of a proposed activity on the environment and for enhancing public participation in the planning phase. Nord Stream 2 is cooperating with all relevant countries and engaging with all relevant stakeholders to develop a safe, socially-responsible and sustainable pipeline. The competent authorities review all materials and provide a statement on the completeness of the EIA to be taken into consideration in the permit decisions.

Nord Stream 2 is also subject to the Espoo Convention on the Environmental Impact Assessment in a Transboundary Context. The Espoo Convention requires a complex consultation process and the publication of the so-called “Espoo Report” which documents potential transboundary impacts. Read more about the Espoo Process for the Nord Stream 2 Project here.