Environmental Impact Assessments Overview

The Nord Stream 2 Project is subject to national legislation in each of the countries through which it crosses the Territorial Waters and/or Exclusive Economic Zones: Russia, Finland, Sweden, Denmark, and Germany. In accordance with the requirements of country-specific national legislation, national permit applications for construction and operation and documentation for the Environmental Impact Assessment will be submitted in all five countries.

In general, an Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) must be completed in order to obtain a national construction and operation permit. An EIA is a national procedure for evaluating the potential impact of a proposed activity on the environment and for enhancing public participation in the planning phase. Nord Stream 2 is cooperating with all relevant countries and engaging with all relevant stakeholders to develop a safe, socially-responsible and sustainable pipeline. In accordance with applicable national legislation, Nord Stream 2 will submit the EIA reports to the responsible authorities describing potential environmental impacts during construction and operation and ways to mitigate them.

After public feedback on the documentation is compiled, the relevant authorities will review all materials and provide a statement on the completeness of the EIA to be taken into consideration in the permit decisions.

The objectives of the Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) documentation

  • Meet requirements of applicable legislation as well as environmental standards
  • Identify, describe and assess possible negative effects on the environment, human health and welfare
  • Describe mitigation measures envisaged to avoid, prevent or reduce possible negative impacts
  • Ensure environmental factors are considered in the decision-making process
  • Develop the focused plans for environmental management and monitoring
  • Inform competent authorities and the public