The first application for the construction of the pipeline system in the Danish territorial waters was filed together with an EIA and the Espoo Report on 3 April 2017. The potential impact of the construction of Nord Stream 2 on the countries around the Baltic Sea was presented in an Espoo Report. This application went through the entire Danish permitting process, including a two-month national and international public consultation process in 2017.
As Danish government gave no indication of coming to a decision regarding this route after more than two years from submission, Nord Stream 2 withdrew this application in June 2019. Nord Stream 2’s focus is now on the application of two alternative routes (North-Western Route and South-Eastern Route) outside of the Danish territorial waters. These two routes exclusively run through the Danish exclusive economic zone (EEZ) that is governed by international law (UNCLOS). The permitting process is therefore handled by the Danish Energy Agency (DEA) and does not require the government’s consent.