Safety and mitigating environmental impact come first in Nord Stream 2’s meticulous construction plan. Each step of building one of the world’s longest offshore pipelines has been tailored to local conditions after extensive research and planning.
The twin pipeline stretches approximately 1,230 kilometres through the Baltic Sea from Russia to Germany, a route that largely runs parallel to the existing Nord Stream system. On both ends, landfall facilities have been constructed to suit local conditions, with the pipeline laid along the seabed in between.
Nord Stream 2 passes through the waters of five Baltic Sea nations: Russia, Finland, Sweden, Denmark and Germany. Because each country has its own unique set of conditions, thorough preparation was key. Extensive seabed surveys defined the optimum route, while detailed engineering and logistics plans have enabled an around-the-clock construction schedule.
Pipeline construction began in 2018. By the end of 2019, it was complete in Russian, Finnish and Swedish waters, with much of the work finished in German and Danish waters as well. Because Denmark was the last country to grant a permit for construction in its waters, most of the remaining work to be done is in that area. With 94 percent of the pipeline now finished, there are approximately 120 kilometres in Danish waters and just over 30 kilometres in German waters left to be laid.
However, pipelay was suspended in December 2019 due to the threat of US sanctions that target the project’s contractors and financial investors. The European Commission has described these sanctions as a breach of international law, and we are currently looking for solutions to ensure that the pipeline is commissioned as soon as possible. This is in the interest of European energy security and consumers, as well as EU economic competitiveness and climate protection commitments. In the meantime, the German landfall has been readied for operation, while the Russian landfall is also nearing completion.
Each step of the way Nord Stream 2 has worked with the world’s leading suppliers, applying rigorous environmental, health, safety, and social standards to protect the sensitive Baltic Sea environment and the communities affected by the project. All works are being carried out in compliance with national permit conditions and monitored for potential environmental impacts.