The pipeline is being laid at a rate of up to 3 km per day
Pipe lay vessels act as floating factories, welding and testing pipe sections before joining them onto the main pipe string. Pipe sections must be delivered to the vessels in time to maintain the 24 hour production schedule.
Utilisation of the existing Nord Stream pipeline has increased every year since it opened in 2011, reaching a record volume in 2018. The Nord Stream 2 Pipeline will provide additional capacities to meet the EU’s growing energy needs.
Generating electricity from gas instead of coal produces ~50 percent less CO₂
Switching from coal-fired power generation to gas can help the EU meet its goal of reducing CO₂ emissions 40 percent by 2030 compared to 1990 levels. In fact, Nord Stream 2 could save about 14 percent of the EU‘s total CO₂ emissions from power generation if natural gas from the pipeline were used to replace coal-fired power stations.
The pipeline will transport enough gas to supply 26 million households
Nord Stream 2 can make a major contribution to EU energy security, but further additional supplies will be needed to fill the future gap between supply and demand in the EU. The new pipeline will supplement existing transport routes and complement other new gas supplies such as liquid natural gas (LNG) and the Southern Corridor.
The pipeline will pass through the territorial waters and/or the Exclusive Economic Zones (EEZs) of five countries. Through the international permitting process, Russia, Finland, Sweden, Denmark and Germany have all granted the necessary permits. Other neighbouring Baltic states – Poland, Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia – were also consulted.
Nord Stream 2 will be a twin pipeline stretching 1,230 km through the Baltic Sea. Each line will comprise around 100,000 individual pipes, each 12 m in length. Once pipe-laying begins, up to 3 kilometres of pipe can be laid each day.
Each pipe joint is 12 metres long and weighs 24 tonnes
The 12-m pipe sections will be welded together and then laid into the Baltic Sea using a pipelay vessel. Every weld is tested to ensure that it meets Nord Stream 2’s high quality standards, and the completed pipeline will undergo further testing by an independent certification body before gas can flow.