A European Pipeline - Energy infrastructure for the future.

A European Pipeline

Energy infrastructure for the future.

By 2035, the EU will need to import about 120 bcm more gas per year

The production outlooks of major gas producers such as Netherlands and UK, as well as Norway, are falling. At the same time, demand for gas is expected to continue, owing to its lower carbon qualities. This means that the EU will need to import more gas. Nord Stream 2 will have the capacity to meet about one third of the EU’s import requirement.

Generating electricity from gas instead of coal produces ~50 percent less CO₂

Switching from coal-fired power generation to gas can help the EU meet its goal of reducing CO₂ emissions 40 percent by 2030 compared to 1990 levels. In fact, Nord Stream 2 could save about 14 percent of the EU‘s total CO₂ emissions from power generation if natural gas from the pipeline were used to replace coal-fired power stations.

"Germany undermines EU energy solidarity by supporting Nord Stream 2" – Gas imported through Nord Stream 2 will be delivered to customers throughout Europe, not just to Germany.

The pipeline is being laid at a rate of up to 3 km per day

Pipe lay vessels act as floating factories, welding and testing pipe sections before joining them onto the main pipe string. Pipe sections must be delivered to the vessels in time to maintain the 24 hour production schedule.

The pipeline will transport enough gas to supply 26 million households

Nord Stream 2 can make a major contribution to EU energy security, but further additional supplies will be needed to fill the future gap between supply and demand in the EU. The new pipeline will supplement existing transport routes and complement other new gas supplies such as liquid natural gas (LNG) and the Southern Corridor.

"Nord Stream 2 increases Germany’s dependence on Russia" – The German gas market is already well diversified and infrastructure continues to be developed.

Nine states have been consulted

The pipeline will pass through the territorial waters and/or the Exclusive Economic Zones (EEZs) of five countries. Through the international permitting process, Russia, Finland, Sweden, Denmark and Germany have all granted the necessary permits. Other neighbouring Baltic states – Poland, Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia – were also consulted.

200,000 pipes make up the whole pipeline

Nord Stream 2 will be a twin pipeline stretching 1,230 km through the Baltic Sea. Each line will comprise around 100,000 individual pipes, each 12 m in length. Once pipe-laying begins, up to 3 kilometres of pipe can be laid each day.

"Nord Stream 2 increases Europe’s dependence on Russia" – Russia and Europe are interdependent, and competition with LNG will set the share of Russian gas in the EU market.

One of the longest offshore gas pipelines in the world

Nord Stream 2 will travel through the Baltic Sea, starting from the coast of Russia and reaching landfall near Greifswald in Germany. It will run roughly parallel to the existing Nord Stream pipeline.

Each pipe joint is 12 metres long and weighs 24 tonnes

The 12-m pipe sections will be welded together and then laid into the Baltic Sea using a pipelay vessel. Every weld is tested to ensure that it meets Nord Stream 2’s high quality standards, and the completed pipeline will undergo further testing by an independent certification body before gas can flow.

"Nord Stream 2 threatens Europe’s energy security" – Europe can rely on a functioning internal energy market in which natural gas competes with other energy sources, and gas-exporting countries compete with each other.
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